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Collection of interviews and Web sites with contacts for breaking news about the global social justice movement. (Audio files in MP3 and RealAudio formats.)


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Between The Lines
For The Week Ending July 19, 2002


LISTEN to this week's half-hour program of Between The Lines by clicking on one of the links below. MP3 files available until July 24, 2002.

This week we present Between The Lines' summary
of under-reported news stories and:

White House War Plan For Iraq
Has Few Allies Around the World

Interview with Retired Rear Admiral Eugene Carroll,
vice president emeritus of the Center for Defense Information, by Scott Harris

For months now the Bush administration has announced its intention to launch a new war against Iraq. Washington's justification for an attack on Baghdad is based on the unproven allegation that Saddam Hussein possesses weapons of mass destruction and may be developing nuclear capability. After Sept. 11, the Bush administration asserts that the U.S. must strike first at nations which could in the future provide such weapons to groups planning to attack America.

The New York Times reported on July 5 that a Pentagon planning document, leaked to the newspaper, calls for air, land and sea based forces to attack Iraq from three directions. In one scenario laid out in the document, an estimated 250,000 U.S. soldiers would invade Iraq from neighboring Kuwait. But while military planners are considering their options for an invasion of Iraq, major obstacles remain. European and Arab governments have voiced strong opposition to the plan, making it difficult to base U.S. troops in some key nations in the region. An American plan to use Iraqi Kurds as a surrogate force to overthrow Saddam Hussein has similarly run into trouble. Kurdish leaders remember well how the U.S. encouraged an uprising by their people during the 1991 Persian Gulf War. But when Iraqi troops brutally put down the rebellion, George Bush senior failed to intervene and thousands of Kurds were killed.

Between The Lines' Scott Harris spoke with Retired Rear Admiral Eugene Carroll vice president emeritus of the Center for Defense Information, who discusses the Pentagon's war plans for Iraq and the likely fallout from such an invasion.

Contact the Center for Defense Information at (202) 332-0600 or visit their Web site at

Supreme Court Decision Upholding
Cleveland School Voucher Program Threatens
to Defund Public Education

Interview with Elliott Minceberg,
vice president and legal director of
People for the American Way Foundation, by Scott Harris

For the past six years the city of Cleveland, Ohio's school system offered parents the option of sending their children to private schools through a voucher program. But the scheme faced a court challenge when opponents objected to taxpayer dollars being paid to private religious schools. More than 95 percent of the 3,700 Cleveland students using the voucher program attend religious schools. In December 2000, the 6th U.S. Court of Appeals found the program to be unconstitutional holding that the voucher system violated the separation between church and state.

But, on June 27th the U.S. Supreme Court, in a 5-4 decision, overturned that ruling, finding that Cleveland's voucher program was lawful. President Bush and other supporters of vouchers hope that the high court's judgement will provide momentum to the national movement pushing for state legislation and referendums that will sanction programs providing public funds to private schools. Critics fear that the widespread use of vouchers will result in the defunding of public education.

People for the American Way served as co-council for Ohio citizens challenging Cleveland's voucher program. Between The Lines' Scott Harris spoke with Elliot Minceberg, vice president and legal director with People for the American Way Foundation, who explains why his group opposes school vouchers and where the battle moves next.

Contact the People for the American Way Foundation. by calling (202) 467-4999 or visit their Web site at

Author Turned Activist Fights Nuclear Industry
that She Believes Devastated Her Family

Interview with Terry Tempest Williams,
by Melinda Tuhus

Terry Tempest Williams is an author, naturalist and environmental activist. She grew up and still lives in Utah, where several of her female relatives contracted breast cancer, most of whom died. Though she can't prove it, Williams believes her family's battle with cancer is related to above-ground nuclear weapons testing that took place in Nevada during the 1950s. Her book, "Refuge: An Unnatural History of Family and Place" chronicles her mother's illness and death. The experience of losing her mother and so many other women in her family transformed Williams from an obedient Mormon to an activist who challenges the federal government's nuclear policies.

Williams is a good friend of photographer Emmet Gowin, who has taken hundreds of aerial photos of how humans have changed the face of the earth. Many of these photos illustrate the impact of nuclear bomb production and testing. An exhibit of his photos is currently on display at the Yale University Art Gallery in New Haven, Conn. and will later travel around the country.

Williams wrote one of the essays for her book based on the exhibit, and was in New Haven last month, along with the photographer, to participate in a gallery conversation. Between The Lines' Melinda Tuhus spoke with Williams who addresses the impact of Emmet Gowin's photographs and the ongoing struggle to halt the devastation produced by the nuclear industry in the desert southwest.

For more information, visit Terry Tempest Williams' Web site at

Related link:

  • For information about the campaign to resist the danger posed to human health by the nuclear weapons industry and nuclear waste dumping, visit:

This week's summary of under-reported news
Compiled by Bob Nixon

  • AIDS activists calling for cancellation of the foreign debt of poor nations with large numbers of people infected with HIV/AIDS ("Cut Debts to help fight against AIDS," BBC News, July 9, 2002)
  • Human rights activists criticize factory owners for putting women at risk in a nine-year series of murders in Juarez, Mexico's maquiladora work zone. ("To Work and Die In Juarez,"Mother Jones, May/June 2002)
  • Millions of tons of toxic sewage sludge used as fertilizer on farm land across America is a danger to human health. ("The Sludge Report," In These Times, May 13, 2002)

Senior news editor/writer: Bob Nixon
Program narration: Denise Manzari
News reader: Arch Currie
Segment producer: Melinda Tuhus
Distribution: Anna Manzo, Harry Minot, Jeff Yates
Web editor/producer: Anna Manzo
Executive producer: Scott Harris

... MORE ...


Due to space considerations at the current time, the downloadable version of the RealAudio half-hour program is not available. The full program in streaming format is available.

Last Week's Program

Between The Lines Week Ending 7/12/02

G8 Aid Pledge to Africa Branded Neocolonialism

Neoliberal Economic Strings Attached in G8 Aid Pledge to Africa Interview with Kevin Danaher, cofounder of Global Exchange

Stop the War March on Washington, D.C. April 20th, 2002

Between The Lines Special Report: Interviews with Rev. Billy and John Cavanagh, Institute for Policy Studies on Independent Progressive Politics Network

"Energy Standoff in Central Asia

"Bush Fuels Oil Conspiracy Theory," by Ted Rall,, Jan. 10, 2002

"Pipeline Politics: Oil, The Taliban and the Political Balance of Central Asia," World Press Review Special Report

"The New Great Game: Oil Politics in Central Asia" by Ted Rall,, October 11, 2001,

Economic Globalization Resources

ZNet's Global Economic Crisis resource site Excellent source for understanding global economics and trade issues in preparation for ongoing demonstrations about economic justice

Multi-Ethnic Public Issues Advocacy

Dr. Earl Ofari Hutchinson's Commentaries, The Hutchinson Report

Between The Lines' 10th Anniversary CD


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